## Publications

Abstract:

This paper surveys recent analytic and numerical results on asymptotic models of spectra of electromagnetic (EM) waves in two-dimensional (2-D) thin high-contrast photonic bandgap (PBG) materials. These models lead to discovery of interesting phenomena, including extremely narrow bands that can be used for spontaneous emission enhancement, gaps in the long wave regions, and asymptotic periodicity of the spectrum. The asymptotic results provide unexpectedly good qualitative (and sometimes quantitative) description of spectral behavior for materials of finite contrast. In some cases, simple ordinary differential models can be derived that yield a good approximation of the spectra. In such situations, one can obtain approximate analytic formulas for the dispersion relations.

Abstract:

Almost all known image reconstruction algorithms for photoacoustic and thermoacoustic tomography assume that the acoustic waves leave the region of interest after a finite time. This assumption is reasonable if the reflections from the detectors and surrounding surfaces can be neglected or filtered out (for example, by time-gating). However, when the object is surrounded by acoustically hard detector arrays, and/or by additional acoustic mirrors, the acoustic waves will undergo multiple reflections. (In the absence of absorption, they would bounce around in such a reverberant cavity forever.) This disallows the use of the existing free-space reconstruction techniques. This paper proposes a fast iterative reconstruction algorithm for measurements made at the walls of a rectangular reverberant cavity. We prove the convergence of the iterations under a certain sufficient condition, and demonstrate the effectiveness and efficiency of the algorithm in numerical simulations. © 2013 IOP Publishing Ltd.

Abstract:

Almost all known photoacoustic image reconstruction algorithms are based on the assumption that the acoustic waves leave the object (the imaged region) after a finite time. This assumption is fulfilled if the measurements are made in free space and reflections from the detectors are negligible. However, when the object is surrounded by acoustically hard detectors arrays (and/or by additional acoustic mirrors), the acoustic waves will bounce around in such a reverberant cavity many times (in the absence of absorption, forever). This paper proposes fast reconstruction algorithms for the measurements made from the walls of a rectangular reverberant cavity. The algorithms are tested using numerical simulations. © 2013 Copyright SPIE.

Abstract:

We present a new algorithm for the numerical solution of problems of acoustic scattering by surfaces in three-dimensional space. This algorithm evaluates scattered fields through fast, high-order, accurate solution of the corresponding boundary integral equation. The high-order accuracy of our solver is achieved through use of partitions of unity together with analytical resolution of kernel singularities. The acceleration, in turn, results from use of high-order equivalent source approximations, which allow for fast evaluation of non-adjacent interactions by means of the three-dimensional fast Fourier transform (FFT). Our acceleration scheme has dramatically lower memory requirements and yields much higher accuracy than existing FFT-accelerated techniques. The present algorithm computes one matrix-vector multiply in O(N^{6/5} log N) to O(N^{4/3} log N) operations (depending on the geometric characteristics of the scattering surface), it exhibits super-algebraic convergence, and it does not suffer from accuracy breakdowns of any kind. We demonstrate the efficiency of our method through a variety of examples. In particular, we show that the present algorithm can evaluate accurately, on a personal computer, scattering from bodies of acoustical sizes (ka) of several hundreds.