Monica Kraft

Monica Kraft

Chair, Department of Medicine
Professor, BIO5 Institute
Professor, Medicine
Primary Department
Department Affiliations
Contact
(520) 626-7174

Work Summary

Work Summary
Monica Kraft's research focus is in the areas of adult asthma, the role of infection in asthma and the role of the distal lung in asthma and airway remodeling.

Research Interest

Research Interest
Monica Kraft, MD, is chair of the Department of Medicine at the University of Arizona College of Medicine – Tucson, and the Robert and Irene Flinn Endowed Professor of Medicine.Prior to joining the UA in 2014, Dr. Kraft was at Duke University, where she served as chief of the Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care, as the Charles C. Johnson, MD, Distinguished Professor of Medicine, and as director of the Duke Asthma, Allergy and Airway Center. As vice chair for research in the Duke University Department of Medicine from 2009-2013, Dr. Kraft implemented several important initiatives to support the department’s research endeavors and was instrumental in the re-submission and renewal of Duke’s National Institutes of Health-funded Clinical Translational Science Award (CTSA).Dr. Kraft has more than 150 publications in the areas of adult asthma, the role of infection in asthma and the role of the distal lung in asthma and airway remodeling. Her work has appeared in such prestigious publications as the Journal of the American Medical Association, The Lancet, the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, and Chest. Her work has been funded by the National Institutes of Health and the American Lung Association.

Publications

Ledford, J., Addison, K., Guerra, S., Rojas Quintero, J., Owen, C., Martinez, F., & Kraft, M. (2016). “Club cell secretory protein deficiency leads to altered lung function in naïve mice. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.
BIO5 Collaborators
Stefano Guerra, Monica Kraft
Contoli, M., Bousquet, J., Fabbri, L. M., Magnussen, H., Rabe, K. F., Siafakas, N. M., Hamid, Q., & Kraft, M. (2010). The small airways and distal lung compartment in asthma and COPD: a time for reappraisal. Allergy, 65(2), 141-51.

The involvement of small airways in the pathogenesis of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been debated for a long time. However, a proper definition of small airway disease is still lacking, and neither a widely accepted biomarker nor a functional parameter to assess small airway abnormalities and to explore the effect of tested compounds on small airways is available. Aiming towards increased knowledge and consensus on this topic, this perspective paper intends to (i) strengthen awareness among the scientific community on the role of small airways in asthma and COPD; (ii) examine the pros and cons of some biological, functional and imaging parameters in the assessment of small airway abnormalities; and (iii) discuss the evidence for distal airway pharmacological targeting in asthma and COPD.

Huang, C., Jiang, D., Francisco, D., Berman, R., Wu, Q., Ledford, J. G., Moore, C. M., Ito, Y., Stevenson, C., Munson, D., Li, L., Kraft, M., & Chu, H. W. (2016). Tollip SNP rs5743899 modulates human airway epithelial responses to rhinovirus infection. Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 46(12), 1549-1563.
BIO5 Collaborators
Monica Kraft, Julie Ledford

Rhinovirus (RV) infection in asthma induces varying degrees of airway inflammation (e.g. neutrophils), but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear.

Ingram, J. L., Slade, D., Church, T. D., Francisco, D., Heck, K., Sigmon, R. W., Ghio, M., Murillo, A., Firszt, R., Lugogo, N. L., Que, L., Sunday, M. E., & Kraft, M. (2015). Matrix Metalloproteinases-1 and -2 Mediate IL-13-induced Suppression of Elastin in Airway Fibroblasts in Asthma. American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology.

Elastin synthesis and degradation in the airway and lung parenchyma contribute to airway mechanics, including airway patency and elastic recoil. Interleukin (IL)-13 mediates many features of asthma pathobiology, including airway remodeling, but the effects of IL-13 on elastin architecture in the airway wall are not known. We hypothesized that IL-13 modulates elastin expression in airway fibroblasts from subjects with allergic asthma.

Kraft, M., Gerber, A. N., Szefler, S. J., & Wechsler, M. E. (2016). Introduction to the 58th Annual Thomas L. Petty Aspen Lung Conference: Asthma 2015: Mechanisms to Personalized Medicine. Annals of the American Thoracic Society, 13 Suppl 1, S23-4.