Restrain and release: A one-pot MukaiyamaMichael/epoxidation sequence introduced three stereocenters, an intramolecular isocyanate trapping produced a rigid 10-membered cyclic carbamate, and the selective opening of the cyclic carbamate was used to reveal the fully constructed natural product. © 2010 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Dengue virus (DENV) is a mosquito-transmitted flavivirus that infects approximately 100 million people annually. Multi-day protocols for purification of DENV reduce the infective titer due to viral sensitivity to both temperature and pH. Herein we describe a 5-h protocol for the purification of all DENV serotypes, utilizing traditional gradient-free ultracentrifugation followed by selective virion precipitation. This protocol allows for the separation of DENV from contaminating proteins - including intact C6/36 densovirus, for the production of infective virus at high concentration for protein-level analysis.
PMID: 24059816;PMCID: PMC3857746;Abstract:
A triarylphosphine reagent that reacts with organic azides to install amide-linked diazirines is reported. This traceless Staudinger reagent reacts with complex organic azides to yield amide-linked diazirines, thus expanding the scope of the utility of both azide and diazirine chemistry. © 2013 American Chemical Society.
PMID: 20187640;PMCID: PMC2840677;Abstract:
"Chemical equation presented" Bioorthogonal chemical reactions, those that do not interact or interfere with biology, have allowed for exploration of numerous biological processes that were previously difficult to study. The reaction of azides with strained alkynes, such as cyclooctynes, readily forms a triazole product without the need for a toxic catalyst. Here we describe a iarylazacyclooctynone (BARAC) that has exceptional reaction kinetics and whose synthesis is designed to be both modular and scalable. We employed BARAC for live cell fluorescence imaging of azide-labeled glycans. The high signal-to-background ratio obtained using nanomolar concentrations of BARAC obviated the need for washing steps. Thus, BARAC is a promising reagent for in vivo imaging. © 2010 American Chemical Society.
PMID: 20666466;PMCID: PMC2923465;Abstract:
Highly reactive cyclooctynes have been sought as substrates for Cu-free cycloaddition reactions with azides in biological systems. To elevate the reactivities of cyclooctynes, two strategies, LUMO lowering through propargylic fluorination and strain enhancement through fused aryl rings, have been explored. Here we report the facile synthesis of a difluorobenzocyclooctyne (DIFBO) that combines these modifications. DIFBO was so reactive that it spontaneously trimerized to form two asymmetric products that we characterized by X-ray crystallography. However, we were able to trap DIFBO by forming a stable inclusion complex with β-cyclodextrin in aqueous media. This complex could be stored as a lyophilized powder and then dissociated in organic solvents to produce free DIFBO for in situ kinetic and spectroscopic analysis. Using this procedure, we found that the rate constant for the cycloaddition reaction of DIFBO with an azide exceeds those for difluorinated cyclooctyne (DIFO) and dibenzocyclooctyne (DIBO). Cyclodextrin complexation is therefore a promising approach for stabilizing compounds that possess the high intrinsic reactivities desired for Cu-free click chemistry. © 2010 American Chemical Society.