Paul Carini

Paul Carini

Assistant Professor, Soil / Subsurface Microbial Ecology
Assistant Professor, Genetics - GIDP
Assistant Professor, School of Plant Sciences
Member of the Graduate Faculty
Assistant Professor, BIO5 Institute
Primary Department
Department Affiliations
(520) 621-1646

Work Summary

We investigate the myriad of ways microbes living in the wild (soil, water and air) affect Earth processes and our health.

Research Interest

The Carini lab is focused on understanding how microbes help make Earth habitable for humans. This view leads us to diverse questions in both terrestrial and aquatic environments with the goal of understanding how microbial communities transform important nutrients, remove pollutants, affect soil fertility and influence aquatic productivity. By studying the growth of microbial cultures, their genome sequences and their environmental distributions, we design experiments that help uncover new and unusual biogeochemical cycles and provide hypothesis-based explanations for long standing geochemical observations. Keywords: Microbial ecology, environmental microbiology, microbiome, soil microbiology, microbial oceanography


Carini, P. (2017). Patterns of thaumarchaeal gene expression in culture and diverse marine environments. BioRxiv. doi:
Kraetzer, C., Carini, P., Hovey, R., & Deppenmeier, U. (2009). Transcriptional Profiling of Methyltransferase Genes during Growth of Methanosarcina mazei on Trimethylamine. JOURNAL OF BACTERIOLOGY, 191(16), 5108-5115.
Carini, P., Van, M., Thrash, J. C., White, A., Zhao, Y., Campbell, E. O., Fredricks, H. F., & Giovannoni, S. J. (2015). SAR11 lipid renovation in response to phosphate starvation. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 112(25), 7767-7772.
Santoro, A. E., Dupont, C. L., Richter, R. A., Craig, M. T., Carini, P., McIlvin, M. R., Yang, Y., Orsi, W. D., Moran, D. M., & Saito, M. A. (2015). Genomic and proteomic characterization of "Candidatus Nitrosopelagicus brevis": An ammonia-oxidizing archaeon from the open ocean. PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, 112(4), 1173-1178.
Brewer, T. E., Handley, K. M., Carini, P., Gilbert, J. A., & Fierer, N. (2017). Genome reduction in an abundant and ubiquitous soil bacterium 'Candidatus Udaeobacter copiosus'. NATURE MICROBIOLOGY, 2(2).