Ronald M Lynch
Associate Director, Shared Resources
Associate Professor, Pharmacology
Director, Aribi Institute
Professor, BIO5 Institute
Professor, Biomedical Engineering
Professor, Physiological Sciences - GIDP
Professor, Physiology
Primary Department
Department Affiliations
(520) 626-2472
Work Summary
Precise diagnosis and treatment of disease requires an ability to target agents to specific tissues and cell types within those tissues. We are developing agents that exhibit cell type specificity for these purposes.
Research Interest
Ron Lynch received a B.S. from the University of Miami (1978) with a dual major in Chemistry (Physical) and Biology, and a Ph.D. degree from the University of Cincinnati (1984) in Physiology and Biophysics. Dr. Lynch began training in optical imaging and MR spectroscopy of cardiac metabolism while at the NIH/NHLBI under the direction of Dr. Robert Balaban from 1984-1987. In 1987, Dr. Lynch moved to a staff position in the Biomedical Imaging Group with appointment in the Physiology Department at the University of Massachusetts Medical Center where he was involved in the development of approaches for 3-dimensional imaging including deconvolution and confocal microscopy. Dr. Lynch joined the faculty of the University of Arizona in 1990 with dual appointment in the Departments of Physiology and Pharmacology, and is currently a full professor, and director of the Arizona Research Institute for Biomedical Imaging. In 2000, Dr. Lynch was a visiting scientist at the Laboratory of Functional and Molecular Imaging and the Magnetic Resonance Imaging Center with Dr. Alan Koretsky at the NIH/NINDS. Dr. Lynch is a member of the Biophysical Society, the American Physiological Society and American Diabetes Association, and regularly serves on grant review panels for the JDRF, NIH/NIDDK, and NSF. Research in the Lynch lab focuses on second messenger signaling in vascular smooth muscle cells and nutrient sensing cells (e.g., Pancreatic Beta-cells) with emphasis on alterations in signaling that occur during development of Diabetes. We are developing methods to modify and analyze beta cell mass in order to evaluate the initiation of the pre-diabetic state, and efficacy of its treatment. Analyses of subcellular protein distributions, second messenger signaling, and ligand binding is performed in our lab using state of the art microscopy and analysis approaches which is our second area of expertise. Over the past 3 decades, our lab has been involved in the development of unique microscopic imaging and spectroscopy approaches to study cell and tissue function, as well as screening assays for cell signaling and ligand binding. Keywords: Diabetes, Cancer, Optical Imaging, Targeted Contrast Agents, Metabolism, Biomedical Imaging, Drug Development

Publications

Kelly, A. C., Steyn, L. V., Kitzmann, J. P., Anderson, M. J., Mueller, K. R., Hart, N. J., Lynch, R. M., Papas, K. K., & Limesand, S. W. (2014). Function and expression of sulfonylurea, adrenergic, and glucagon-like peptide 1 receptors in isolated porcine islets. Xenotransplantation, 21(4), 385-91.
BIO5 Collaborators
Sean W Limesand, Ronald M Lynch

The scarcity of human cadaveric pancreata limits large-scale application of islet transplantation for patients with diabetes. Islets isolated from pathogen-free pigs provide an economical and abundant alternative source assuming immunologic barriers are appropriate. Membrane receptors involved in insulin secretion that also have potential as imaging targets were investigated in isolated porcine islets. Quantitative (q)PCR revealed that porcine islets express mRNA transcripts for sulfonylurea receptor 1 (Sur1), inward rectifying potassium channel (Kir6.2, associated with Sur1), glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor (GLP1R), and adrenergic receptor alpha 2A (ADRα2A). Receptor function was assessed in static incubations with stimulatory glucose concentrations, and in the presence of receptor agonists. Glibenclamide, an anti-diabetic sulfonylurea, and exendin-4, a GLP-1 mimetic, potentiated glucose-stimulated insulin secretion >2-fold. Conversely, epinephrine maximally reduced insulin secretion 72 ± 9% (P

Chen, X., Kelly, A. C., Yates, D. T., Macko, A. R., Lynch, R. M., & Limesand, S. W. (2017). Islet adaptations in fetal sheep persist following chronic exposure to high norepinephrine. The Journal of endocrinology, 232(2), 285-295.
BIO5 Collaborators
Sean W Limesand, Ronald M Lynch

Complications in pregnancy elevate fetal norepinephrine (NE) concentrations. Previous studies in NE-infused sheep fetuses revealed that sustained exposure to high NE resulted in lower expression of α2-adrenergic receptors in islets and increased insulin secretion responsiveness after acutely terminating the NE infusion. In this study, we determined if the compensatory increase in insulin secretion after chronic elevation of NE is independent of hyperglycemia in sheep fetuses and whether it is persistent in conjunction with islet desensitization to NE. After an initial assessment of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) at 129 ± 1 days of gestation, fetuses were continuously infused for seven days with NE and maintained at euglycemia with a maternal insulin infusion. Fetal GSIS studies were performed again on days 8 and 12. Adrenergic sensitivity was determined in pancreatic islets collected at day 12. NE infusion increased (P 

Smith, K. E., Kelly, A. C., Min, C. G., Weber, C. S., McCarthy, F. M., Steyn, L. V., Badarinarayana, V., Stanton, J. B., Kitzmann, J. P., Strop, P., Gruessner, A. C., Lynch, R. M., Limesand, S. W., & Papas, K. K. (2017). Acute Ischemia Induced by High-Density Culture Increases Cytokine Expression and Diminishes the Function and Viability of Highly Purified Human Islets of Langerhans. Transplantation, 101(11), 2705-2712.
BIO5 Collaborators
Sean W Limesand, Ronald M Lynch

Encapsulation devices have the potential to enable cell-based insulin replacement therapies (such as human islet or stem cell-derived β cell transplantation) without immunosuppression. However, reasonably sized encapsulation devices promote ischemia due to high β cell densities creating prohibitively large diffusional distances for nutrients. It is hypothesized that even acute ischemic exposure will compromise the therapeutic potential of cell-based insulin replacement. In this study, the acute effects of high-density ischemia were investigated in human islets to develop a detailed profile of early ischemia induced changes and targets for intervention.

Steyn, L. V., Ananthakrishnan, K., Anderson, M. J., Patek, R., Kelly, A., Vagner, J., Lynch, R. M., & Limesand, S. W. (2015). A Synthetic Heterobivalent Ligand Composed of Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 and Yohimbine Specifically Targets β Cells Within the Pancreas. Molecular imaging and biology : MIB : the official publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging.
BIO5 Collaborators
Sean W Limesand, Ronald M Lynch

β Cell specificity for a heterobivalent ligand composed of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) linked to yohimbine (GLP-1/Yhb) was evaluated to determine its utility as a noninvasive imaging agent.

Limesand, S., Green, A. S., Chen, X., Macko, A. R., Anderson, M. J., Kelly, A. C., Hart, N. J., Lynch, R. M., & Limesand, S. W. (2012). Chronic pulsatile hyperglycemia reduces insulin secretion and increases accumulation of reactive oxygen species in fetal sheep islets. The Journal of endocrinology, 212(3).
BIO5 Collaborators
Sean W Limesand, Ronald M Lynch

Children from diabetic pregnancies have a greater incidence of type 2 diabetes. Our objective was to determine if exposure to mild-moderate hyperglycemia, by modeling managed diabetic pregnancies, affects fetal β-cell function. In sheep fetuses, β-cell responsiveness was examined after 2 weeks of sustained hyperglycemia with 3 pulses/day, mimicking postprandial excursions, and compared to saline-infused controls (n = 10). Two pulsatile hyperglycemia (PHG) treatments were studied: mild (mPHG, n = 5) with +15% sustained and +55% pulse; and moderate (PHG, n = 10) with +20% sustained and +100% pulse. Fetal glucose-stimulated insulin secretion and glucose-potentiated arginine insulin secretion were lower (P